Latin America: Left, right or the other way around? #2 Perú
On December 7, 2022, President Pedro Castillo is deposed by Parliament after attempting to dissolve it by decree. This represents the end of a months-long dispute between the executive and legislative branches, with several trials and accusations against the president. Immediately after Castillo's removal, his supporters took to the streets in several cities simultaneously to protest the measure.
Peruvian police used violence against protesters, death toll continues to rise. Demonstrations show no sign of abating. Immediately after the state's violence against protesters became known, calls for the resignation of former Vice President Boluarte increased. She had been elected president by the right-wing parliamentary majority after the overthrow and imprisonment of the elected head of state, Pedro Castillo. Castillo is in pretrial detention for 18 months, accused of "rebellion." Former ministers in his government, who resigned after public pressure and internal conflicts, are demanding Boluarte's immediate resignation. "Deaths in Puno and in Lima and they talk about the 'National Accord'. How many more deaths do Dina Boluarte and Congress want to leave behind? Stop the massacre!" for example, Anahí Durand Guevara, former Minister of Women and Vulnerable Populations, was quoted as saying in La Republica. The parliamentary group of Castillo's Perú Libre party issued a statement urging a "stop to the land and air massacre in Juliaca-Puno" and calling on Boluarte to "resign from office, leave the government palace, call new elections, and lead the country to a constituent assembly."
In this seminar, we explore the extent to which the violence of the protesters (and that of the regime) can be explained in terms of the democratic process. On the one hand, Castillo was democratically elected, and at the same time his legitimacy has been questioned several times. Nevertheless, the population is protesting his removal, and Congress is not leaving a path open for new elections. What then is the way out of the spiral of violence?
The event series "Latin America to the left, to the right or the other way around? Current regional developments and political issues" is a collaboration between the EAB and POLITIKUM Ecuador and is aimed at pupils, students, and anyone interested in deepening their knowledge of the latest events in Latin America as a complementary element to general education.
The online series consists of a total of 5 events dedicated to one country on the respective dates: Brazil (05.04.2023), Peru (20.04.2023), Mexico (03.05.2023), Ecuador (31.05.2023) and Colombia (21.06.2023).
A three-day attendance seminar in Berlin (06.-08.07.2023) takes up the results and deepens the intercultural exchange with on-site visits to embassies and expert discussions in relevant non-governmental organizations. The encounter enables an interdisciplinary approach and additionally brings different experiences of migration into the discussion.
Registration for the individual events is possible, continuous participation is desired.